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By | October 21, 2021

Akraino R5: Spotlight on the AI Edge — Federated Machine Learning at the Edge

This is the first in a series of brief posts focused on Akraino use cases and blueprints. Thanks to the many community members for creating the blueprints and providing these helpful summaries! 

By: Enzo Zhang  Zifan Wu  Haihui Wang, and Ryan Anderson

All attributes of each row data for Federated Machine Learning (ML) come from more than one edge provider.  Each side has no ability on its own to hold all of the required data to function as designed. Specific edges (or edge sides) can be pretty limited in terms of edge computing capabilities for a variety of reasons/conditions

The application must cover more than one edge while also collecting and exchanging data between edges. Meanwhile, a method must be applied to make sure the communication between these edges is secure enough for all participants.

Here are some examples of  AI edge application use cases to illustrate:  

  • Deploy more than one edge
  • No more extra storage space
  • A few computing units
  • Deal with data locally
  • Network ability
  • Share data each other
  • Work together with ML
  • Data security

Applications group data from edges based on security methods; but data privacy is still managed by the Federated Machine Learning framework.  Data, as an  input of a ML model,  is in a central site, and  exchange of data occurs after ML processes are done.  Required data gets sent back to the edge for its next process.

Many key components are required to make the case work well and machine learning run successfully:.

  1. Data transfer and group
  2. Data collect and distribute
  3. Federated Machine Learning framework
  4. Security encryption algorithm

This functionality, integrated with the framework, can enable edge applications to run right correctly and securely.  

For more information on  the Federated Machine Learning blueprint, please visit this section of the Akraino wiki.